Know Your Rights

You have the right to remain silent

  • If the officer questions you, you can say, “I choose to exercise my right to remain silent. I will not answer any questions without an attorney present.”

If asked, you must tell the officer your full legal name

Do not reveal your immigration status or your country of origin

Do not show a foreign ID

  • If you carry an ID from another country with you, be aware that the police can use it as a reason to call Border Patrol or ICE; and immigration authorities can use it against you in a deportation case.

Ask “am I free to go?”

  • If they say yes, you may slowly drive or walk away.

Do not consent to a search

  • If an officer says they need to search your pockets or search your car, you can say “I do not consent to a search.” If they search you or your vehicle anyways, do not intervene in the search.

Do not open the door if ICE or police come to your house

  • Opening your door gives them consent to come into your house.

ICE and police must have a judicial warrant to enter your house

  • Ask to see their warrant through the window or for them to slide it under the door. An “administrative warrant” (not signed by a judge) is NOT grounds for ICE to come into your home.

Example of an administrative warrant:

Annotated example of an administrative warrant (in english only):

Description of the differences of both (in Spanish):

Ojo! Don’t be fooled by them!

  • ICE agents sometimes trick people into opening the door by pretending to be the police, pretending that they are investigating an identity theft or a car theft case against a person who lives there, or showing a paper that isn’t a warrant.

If ICE enters your house, you always have the right to ask them to leave.

  • Do not answer their questions or consent to a search. Say, “I choose to exercise my right to remain silent. I do not want to answer any questions without an attorney present. I do not consent to a search.”

You have the right to remain silent

  • If the officer questions you, you can say “I choose to exercise my right to remain silent. I will not answer any questions without an attorney present.”

Remain calm and continue to work

Ask “am I free to go?”

  • If they say “yes,” you may slowly drive or walk away. You can also ask your boss if you can leave work.

If asked, you must tell the officer your full legal name

  • Do not reveal your immigration status or your country of origin. Do not show a foreign ID.

Schools cannot require a student to give their Social Security Number

Tucson Police Department officers cannot ask minors about their immigration status unless their parent, guardian, or attorney is present

School Resource Officers can never ask a student about their immigration status

  • If a School Resource Officer, school administrator, or police officer is asking you about your immigration status at school, you can ask, “Can I call my parent or guardian?” and say, “I choose to exercise my right to remain silent. I will not answer any questions without an attorney present.”

Immigration authorities can visually inspect your car

They can search any person, the inside of any vehicle, and all passenger belongings

They cannot hold you for an extended time without cause

  • Ask the agents, “am I free to go?” If they say yes, you may slowly drive or walk away.

You can record immigration authorities on private property, in vehicle stops, and at checkpoints, but NOT on government property including Ports of Entry

Do not resist arrest, even if you believe the arrest is unfair

You have the right to remain silent (and you should use it!)

  • If the officer questions you, you can say “I choose to exercise my right to remain silent. I will not answer any questions without an attorney present.” Sometimes officers lie and tell you that answering their questions can help you avoid deportation or criminal charges, and then use what you said against you in court. You should always talk to a lawyer before answering their questions.

You have the right to make a local phone call

  • If you call your family or lawyer give them your A number (if in immigration custody) and your location so they can call you again.

Do not discuss your immigration status with anyone but your lawyer

Do not sign anything without talking to a lawyer

Observers have the right to take photographs of anything plainly visible in a public space

  • This includes police and government officials.

If observers are on private property, the property owner may set rules about taking photographs

  • If you disobey the property owner’s rules, they can order you off their property and have you arrested for trespassing if you do not comply.

Police officers may not confiscate or demand to view your digital photographs or video without a warrant

  • Police may not search your cell phone or camera when they arrest you, unless they get a warrant.

Police may not delete your photographs or video under any circumstances

Deportation Defense Resources

Communities are fighting deportations across the country. With knowledge, comes power. Below you will find a selection of links to resources created by some of the leading immigration organizations in the country.

Community Organizations for Immigrant Families

ACLU of Arizona

738 N. 5th Ave, Suite 207, Tucson, AZ 85705


Catholic Community Services – Tucson (Immigration Services)

140 W. Speedway Blvd, Suite 130, Tucson, AZ


  • Family-based Visas
  • Citizenship (Naturalization)
  • Visas for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and other serious crimes
The Florence Immigrant and Refugee Rights Project

P.O. Box 654, Florence, AZ 85132

520-868-0191 ext. 105

If looking for a detainee:

  • Know Your Rights Presentations in Immigration Detention
  • Representation of Unaccompanied Minors
  • Limited Removal Defense of Adults in Immigration Detention
  • Free Spanish and English Informational Packets on All Major Forms of Relief from Removal:
Immigration Law Clinic, University of Arizona

1145 N. Mountain Avenue, Tucson, AZ


  • Immigration consultations
  • Removal Defense (deportation)
  • Asylum, Protection from Torture
  • Visas for Victims of DV, labor or sex trafficking, and other serious crimes
International Rescue Committee

2100 N. Kolb Rd, Suite 103, Tucson, AZ


  • Family Visas
  • Citizenship (Naturalization)
Justice for Our Neighbors (JFON) Legal Clinic

New Hope/Nueva Esperanza United Methodist Church

6740 S. Santa Clara Ave, Tucson, AZ 85756

Make an appointment: 520-488-9930

Questions: or 520-488- 3201

  • Provides free immigration consultations and services for immigrants
  • Legal clinics will be held on the 2nd Saturday of each month, 9 AM to noon
Keep Tucson Together

Legal Help Hotline: 520-254-5477

First and third Saturday of each month at Southside Presbyterian Church, 317 W. 23rd St., Tucson, AZ 2:00pm-5:00pm

Every Thursday, Pueblo High School, 3500 S. 12th Ave., Tucson, AZ 5:30 pm

  • Know Your Rights
  • Citizenship (Naturalization) and derivation
  • Removal defense (deportation) and asylum
  • Detention and bond application orientation & package preparation
Mexican Consulate

3915 E. Broadway Blvd., Tucson, AZ


  • Identification documents for Mex. nationals
  • Consular assistance services for nationals in emergency or vulnerable situations
  • Orientation to legal service providers in immigration, criminal, civil or labor cases
  • Locating Family Members in Detention
Refugee Focus

120 N. Stone Ave, Suite 220R, Tucson, AZ 85701


  • Refugee resettlement and social services
ScholarshipsA-Z Deportation Defense Support

Follow ScholarshipsAZ on Facebook

  • Support through the deportation process
  • Know your rights
  • Education resources
Southern Arizona Legal Aid

2343 E. Broadway Blvd. Suite 200, Tucson, AZ


  • Visas and removal defense for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, trafficking, and other serious crimes
Workers’ Rights Clinic, University of Arizona

1145 N. Mountain Avenue, Tucson, AZ


  • Wage and Hour Violations
  • Discrimination and Harassment
  • Safety and Health
  • Wrongful Termination
  • Labor Trafficking
  • Know Your Rights Presentations

620 S. Sixth Ave, Tucson, AZ 85701


  • Bi-national non-profit organization that offers experiential educational seminars along the border with a focus on: global economics, militarization, immigration, and popular resistance to oppression and violence
Chicanos Por La Causa

250 N. Silverbell Rd., Tucson, AZ 85713


  • Financial education
  • Housing counseling
  • Access to small business loans
Coalición de Derechos Humanos

225 E. 26th St. #2, Tucson, AZ 85713


  • Education and advocacy on the criminalization of migration
La Coalición de Redes de Protección

  • Community protection network
Mariposas Sin Fronteras

  • Mariposas Sin Fronteras supports LGBTQ people inside immigrant detention in Arizona, and people released from immigrant detention
Mi Familia Vota

877 S. Alvernon Way Suite 100, Tucson, AZ 85711

  • Citizenship (Naturalization)
  • Assistance with fee waivers
  • Know Your Rights Presentations
  • Voter Registration, Voter Education, Voter Mobilization
No More Deaths

Search and Rescue Hotline: 520-585-5881

General: 520-333-5699

  • Provides direct aid and humanitarian assistance
  • Witnessing and responding
  • Consciousness raising, global movement building
  • Encouraging humane immigration policy
Por Un Arizona Unido

2913 E. 22nd. St., Tucson, AZ


  • Community based advocacy group working with immigrants
  • Assists people with limited immigration service
Lucha Unida de Padres y Estudiantes, LUPE

(United Struggle of Parents and Students)

Meetings at 243 W. 33rd, House of Neighborly Services, Tucson, AZ

  • Education and advocacy on immigrant justice
  • Advocating toward legalization for all
Paisanos Unidos

Meetings every other Sunday at the House of Neighborly Services, 243 W. 33rd St, Tucson, AZ 85713

  • Grassroots group comprised of immigrant families that have formed their own protection network to prepare families to defend themselves in case of detention and deportation through legal workshops, fundraising, letter writing and direct support for family members of detained immigrants

PO Box 85935, Tucson, AZ 85745


  • Provides scholarships to & advising about high school, GED, and college
  • Trains K-12 and college educators how to work with & support undocumented students & families
  • Offers leadership training & opportunities to youth, young adults, & students
  • Hosts Legal Clinics
Southside Worker Center

317 W. 23rd St., Tucson, AZ 85713


  • Place for day laborers to get work from employers.
  • Helps workers advocate for themselves in cases of wage theft.
  • Support re immigration detention for members in the protection network
  • Training certifications in workers’ rights and classes regarding workplace safety
University of Arizona

Immigrant Student Resource Center

Cesar Chavez Building #203, 1110 E. North Campus, Tucson, AZ 85721


  • Supports current and incoming DACA students, undocumented students, students with mixed-immigration status families, and all immigrant students navigate the UA
  • Trains UA staff, faculty, administrators & students on how to work with immigrant students
  • Offers campus events and leadership opportunities to campus community focused on immigration
Clinica Amistad

101 W. Irvington Rd., Building #3, Tucson, AZ 85714


  • Clinica Amistad is a free health clinic for low income, uninsured community members
  • Services include: medical evaluation and treatment, women’s health, massage, acupuncture, counseling, energy therapy, diabetic diet education
Community Partners, Inc. (Desert Rose Clinic)

4575 E. Broadway Blvd., Tucson, AZ, 85711


  • Does not require insurance for their services
    • Out-of-Pocket
    • 1st therapy consultation costs $220
    • $130 for all following appointments
  • Does not ask about immigration status
  • Requires some form of id to identify the client
CODAC Health, Recovery, and Wellness

3130 E. Broadway Blvd., Tucson, AZ, 85716


  • Sliding scale fee based on income
    • Therapy: $4.37- $29.16 for every 15 minutes
  • Private pay screening for undocumented individuals
  • No insurance required
Jewish Family and Children’s Services

4301 E. 5th St., Tucson, AZ, 85711


  • Counseling for all ages
  • $5-$75 sliding scale per session depending on family income
  • No social security numbers or proof of residency required
  • Assistance may be provided to low-income individuals without health insurance
  • Undocumented individuals can also qualify for grant funded counseling if they are victims of crime
MIND Clinic

CUP Clinics Trailer

1450 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ, 85724


  • Outpatient psychiatric clinic for uninsured people in Tucson
  • Physician visits are free
  • Individual therapy services
Tucson Center for Counseling and Psychotherapy

6885 N. Oracle St. Suite H, Tucson, AZ, 85704


  • Flat rates of $110 for 45 minutes and $135 for 1 hour of counseling
  • Out-of-Pocket options for the uninsured
  • Economic hardships can lead to deductions
  • Forms can be filled out regardless of immigration status
Asylum Clinic

CUP Clinics Trailer

1450 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724


  • Clinic for individuals seeking asylum in the US
  • Free history and physical evaluation by a physician to document medically necessary reasons for asylum
  • Physician report can be used in court of law to strength asylum court case
El Rio Community Health Center

For Appointments: 520-670-3909

They have several offices in Tucson, to locate a specific service, or enroll please visit

  • They provide medical services, dentistry, specialized care, clinical pharmacy, midwifery, and OB­GYN
  • They assist in transporting qualified patients from their homes to their medical appointments in El Rio or medical specialists
Mobile Health Program

Varying locations, call for location


  • Mobile clinic which travels to remote areas surrounding Tucson
  • Free healthcare to uninsured families by physician or nurse practitioner
  • Preventive care and primary care offered
Pima Community Access Program


To learn about resources or apply please visit:­here/

  • Organization that provides access to professional health care at discounted prices that the uninsured can afford. PCAP links low ­income, uninsured residents of Pima County with an affordable, comprehensive and coordinated network of health care providers
Shubitz Clinic

CUP Clinics Trailer

1450 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724


  • Outpatient medical care for uninsured patients
  • Free and confidential visit with physician
  • Services offered: preventive care, primary care, women’s health, specialty referrals, diagnostic tests and labs
St. Elizabeth’s Health Center

General: 520-628-7871

Dental Appointments: 520-770-8529

Medical Appointments: 520-770-8530

For more information on hours and information you need to provide to register please visit:

  • St. Elizabeth’s Health Center is a faith-­based community health center that supports the healthcare needs of the uninsured and underserved in Southern Arizona. We commit to provide high quality healthcare with respect and dignity by responding to individual needs and encouraging health and well­being.
  • Medical and dental services are offered on a sliding fee scale for the uninsured or underinsured individual based upon the Federal Income Poverty Guidelines. New patients must register in ­person at the clinic for discount or uninsured services.

CUP Clinics Trailer

1450 N. Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724


  • Vaccinations and sports physicals for uninsured children < 18 years old
  • Free and confidential